Should I include my disability on the resume?
Individuals with disabilities often feel compelled to reveal that information in the beginning of a job search. However, it is not required or advisable to include your disability on the resume, nor can the employer directly ask about any disabilities. In fact, if the disability is disclosed, that allows for the employer/recruiter to ask many more questions - prematurely, focusing less on your strengths and skills. It is best to avoid revealing the disability until a later date, when you are sure you are interested in the job and are at the interview stage. There is no legal obligation to reveal a disability.
It is very important to ensure that your resume highlights all of your qualifications relevant to the position, so that the hiring manager/recruiting software will identify you as a perfect fit. Including specific details from your education and prior jobs, which exactly match the job description, will enhance the likelihood of an opportunity to interview.
During the preliminary interview, however, it is advisable to reveal the disability - especially if it requires certain accommodations. Be totally honest, and advocate for your needs, such as: workspace access, furniture, keyboard, computer, etc. By accommodating your needs, the recruiter will understand how you have the potential to exceed their performance expectations. Be aware that according to ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) private companies with over 15 employees may not discriminate against disabled professionals; and in many cases, hiring a disabled employee may enhance their EEOC compliance numbers. Government organizations are prohibited from discriminating against disabled professionals, regardless of size. There are also many resources available on-line specifically dedicated to assisting individuals with disabilities looking for job opportunities.
The resume of the disabled candidate should exclusively include only specific background and skills appropriate for the job, leaving off the discussion of disabilities until further into the interview process. It is not even necessary, or advisable, to include it in a Cover Letter. Just remember to scan the job description for skills and language that directly match your background and interests and repeat it on your document. There are many highly successful professionals with disabilities in the workplace.